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What is Vascular Surgery? Early Detection and Treatment Options

Certain conditions affect our body’s blood vessels, and those can be treated with vascular surgery. This surgery comes in different forms. While some are less invasive endovascular treatments, others are open operations. This article will examine the indications for this surgery, the kinds of treatments performed, and the possible hazards associated with them.

What is a Vascular Disease?

Vascular disease can be anything related to arteries, veins, blood vessels, and tiny capillaries that carry blood. It also includes the lymphatic system, which comprises tiny channels that allow lymph, a fluid that contains white blood cells that fight infections, to pass from tissues into the blood. There is a long list of vascular diseases, and some of them are even life-threatening:

  • Acute venous thrombosis
  • Visceral artery disease
  • Aortic aneurysm (abdominal, thoracic)
  • Vascular malformations
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Varicose veins
  • Critical limb ischemia
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Diabetes vascular disease and limb salvage
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Aorta disease
  • Non-healing wounds because of vascular disease
  • Dialysis of fistula and graft management

What Causes Vascular Diseases?

The causes highly depend on the type of vascular disease. Some causes are:

  • Genetics
  • Medicines, including hormones
  • Heart conditions, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol
  • Injury
  • Infection

What is Vascular Surgery?

Vascular surgery is a broader term for different open and minimally invasive surgeries. These surgeries treat diseases that may impact the vascular system, made of blood vessels in our bodies. These blood vessels carry blood from your heart to other parts and organs. If not treated, vascular diseases can become complicated and fatal.

Vascular surgery in Gandhinagar is performed by a vascular surgeon trained in open vascular, general, and endovascular surgery. Your surgery will help prevent the following conditions:

  • Restore the blood vessel damage that has been caused by vascular disease.
  • Reduce your chance of developing these diseases’ consequences.
  • Make your blood vessels accessible for medical treatments such as dialysis.

When is Vascular Treatment Needed?

Vascular surgery treatment is often recommended in patients where the vascular disease has reached the advanced stage. It may also be suggested for people who may be at a severe health risk. Your doctor can recommend different surgical options, such as less invasive and open surgeries. Some standard procedures involved in the treatment are:

  • Angioplasty
  • Arterial or venous bypass surgery
  • Stenting
  • Aortic aneurysm repair

Early Detection

Getting an early detection or sticking to your treatment plan can help prevent vascular diseases and surgery in the long term. Just lifestyle changes and medicines can manage many vascular diseases. For example, in the case of peripheral artery disease, medicine and lifestyle change can help, if not severe.

However, if people do not go for early detection and the disease progresses, they may need surgery to improve their health and avoid complications. Whereas, in other vascular diseases, surgery may be the only option to prevent severe health conditions like internal bleeding. For example, repairing an aortic aneurysm before it ruptures.

Diagnosis of Vascular Disease

The diagnosis of these diseases depends on the condition of the patient. The first step, however, is always understanding the medical history. Your doctor will ask for symptoms and also your family history. A physical exam will also monitor blood pressure, arteries, and pulse. After that, they may suggest a series of tests. Some of them can be:

  • Angiography – When combined with an injection of dye into your blood vessels, it enables your doctor to see blood as it passes through your arteries. They’ll employ an imaging method like magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography.
  • Ultrasound – It helps evaluate blood flow and identify blocked arteries.
  • Venography – It is an X-ray exam using an injection, similar to angiography.
  • Blood tests – These are done to monitor and measure triglyceride and cholesterol levels and diabetes.

Who is at Risk of Vascular Disease?

Age-related increases in the prevalence of vascular illness are prevalent. Still, those with a family history of heart disease and vascular disease, pregnant women, and those with cardiac-related conditions such as high blood pressure or cholesterol are also more vulnerable.

A lousy lifestyle can also result in vascular issues, which are more common among smokers, obese or sedentary individuals, as well as those who spend a lot of time sitting still or standing still.

Vascular Surgery – What to Expect?

On your surgery day, you will undergo medical preparations, such as vital assessments and physical examinations. There are many different vascular surgeries, open or invasive, and depending on the type, your surgery may last between 30 minutes and a few hours. You will be given anesthesia and can start to recover in some hours after surgery.

Also, depending on the type of surgery, you may be asked to stay in the hospital. Your stay in the hospital will also depend on your condition and any underlying medical condition that may require constant monitoring.

What to Look for When Choosing Your Vascular Surgeon?

It would help if you always looked for a multispeciality hospital in Gandhinagar, such as Namo’stuTe Hospital, for this surgery. Here are a few things to look for when you are choosing a hospital or surgeon:

  • Trusted doctors – Look for a hospital with advanced vascular treatment options.
  • Treatment for all diseases – The hospital should be equipped to handle typical and complex vascular diseases.
  • A complete team – The hospital should have all doctors, including cardiologists, who can interact and work together to handle any situation.
  • State-of-the-art technology – Look for a center that uses the latest technology to treat diseases and patients. A well-equipped ICU, advanced testing facility and much more should exist.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, preserving vascular health and averting potentially dangerous consequences need a grasp of vascular surgery, early identification, and available treatment choices. People’s quality of life and outcomes can be significantly enhanced by early detection of the signs and symptoms of vascular diseases and prompt medical care. You must contact Namo’stuTe Hospital for a complete check-up and your surgical procedure. They have experienced surgeons who can not only perform vascular surgeries but also cosmetic surgery in Gandhinagar.

Cardiac Arrest: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options


Irregular heart rhythm can become the cause of sudden cardiac arrest that can stop all heart activities. In this case, the breathing stops, and the person becomes unconscious. In case the person doesn’t receive immediate treatment, the result can be fatal. It is a medical emergency that should not be ignored. In most cases, 9 out of 10 people do not make it to the hospital.

What is Cardiac Arrest?

A heart attack and cardiac arrest are two different health conditions. When a portion of your heart’s blood supply is cut off, it might result in a heart attack. At the same time, cardiac arrest is not because of blockage. However, because of a heart attack, there can be a change in your heart’s electrical activity that may lead to cardiac arrest.

Cardiac arrest occurs when your heart stops pumping suddenly, and blood stops flowing to your brain and other organs.

Causes of Cardiac Arrest

You can have a cardiac arrest because of different kinds of arrhythmias that may prevent your heart from pumping. This is due to aberrant heartbeats caused by improper functioning of the heart’s electromagnetic impulses. It can be either ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia.

Ventricular fibrillation, another name for the fast or irregular electrical impulses in the heart’s lower chamber, is the most prevalent aberrant heart rhythm after cardiac arrest. There are other risk factors also associated, such as:

  • Heart valve disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Arrhythmias due to faulty genes
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart attack
  • Other medical conditions, medicines
  • Heart failure
  • Cocaine
  • LQTS – long QT syndrome
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Several injuries or illnesses with significant blood loss


Despite all these, half of heart problems occur as patients are not aware that they have a problem. If you feel your loved ones or someone you know may be going through a cardiac arrest, always call Namo’stuTe, the multispeciality hospital in Gandhinagar, for immediate help.

There can be many causes of medical conditions and traumatic incidents that may lead to cardiac arrest in children and adults. Some of them can be inherited disorders, electrical abnormalities, and structural changes in the heart.

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

Below are some symptoms that can tell a person if they are having a heart attack:

  • When someone collapses suddenly and loses consciousness.
  • If they are not breathing, breathing is ineffective, or they are gasping for air.
  • They are not responding to shaking or shouting.
  • They have no pulse.
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea

In some instances, people may not even experience any symptoms. So, remembering how they behave is very important or can be fatal. If you face problems like dizziness, chest pains, sudden numbness, and shortness of breath, you must immediately seek help from an emergency hospital in Gandhinagar.

How to Do Diagnosis of Cardiac Arrest?

When the emergency workers arrive, or the patient is taken to the cardiology hospital, a heart imaging test known as an electrocardiogram, like ECG or EKG. This test will show either no heartbeat or a severe ventricular arrhythmia. Thus confirming a cardiac arrest. In most cases, the diagnosis will happen post-cardiac arrest.

Cardiac Arrest Treatment

If you are wondering if there is any cardiology treatment for cardiac arrest, then the answer to it is yes. The emergency treatment includes CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation and giving shocks to your heart with an automated external defibrillator (AED). The person can survive if proper medical care is provided on time.

As a part of emergency treatment, one must be given naloxone if it is caused by opioid overdose. The medical team mainly carries it with them. Further medications will be given through IV – intravenous lines as a treatment.

What to Do If You Find Someone with Cardiac Arrest?

If you find someone collapsed, try to perform a primary survey and check for their response, open their airway, and look for signs of life and normal breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If they are not responsive or breathing normally, ask for help. Ask anyone to call the surgical center in Gandhinagar and ask for an ambulance, and you start with CPR. If you can find a defibrillator, start to use it.

How to Do CPR?

You must do CPR if the person is not breathing. Firstly, push hard and fast on that person’s chest; it should be 100-120 pushes a minute. If you know how to do CPR, check the person’s airway. Then start with rescue breaths post every 30 compressions. If you don’t know how to do CPR, continue with chest compressions.

Just ensure you are ultimately letting the chest rise between compressions. You must continue doing it till AED is available or an emergency worker arrives. You may also find portable AEDs in many public places, such as shopping malls and airports. If you have a heart patient, you can buy one for your house. It comes with step-by-step voice instructions and is programmed to shock only when needed.

After Effects of Cardiac Arrest

People who survive cardiac arrest can have life-long issues such as:

  • Brain injury
  • Ppsychological conditions such sadness, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Injury to internal organs

At What Age Cardiac Arrest Can Happen?

The sudden death of young people has taken everyone by shock these days. Heart issues are considered to be the root cause. In most cases, a cardiac arrest does not happen until the age of 35. However, people at risk must take precautions.


To sum up, protecting heart health requires an awareness of cardiac arrest’s complexity. People can take proactive measures in reaction and prevention if they know the causes, can identify the symptoms, and have access to various treatment alternatives. Whether it be by way of lifestyle adjustments, early medical intervention, or further research into novel treatments, the fight against cardiac arrest is still very much underway.

Through raising awareness, encouraging early identification, and pushing for all-encompassing treatment, we can work toward a day where the likelihood of cardiac arrest is reduced, and each heartbeat is valued. You can always contact Namo’stuTe Hospital to know more about cardiac arrest and its prevention.



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